publications cover

Our Publications


totals citations > 5000
h-index = 35
N avg. cites / paper > 70
N avg. cites / year > 500



Barrett Group Papers on Google Scholar


Book Chapters


5. Mahimwalla, Z. S.; Yager, K. G.;, Mamiya, J-I.; Shishido, A.; Barrett, C. J. “Photo-MechanicalAzo Polymers, for Light-Powered Actuation and Artificial Muscles” in Optical Nano and Micro Actuator Technology, G. Knopf and Y. Otani, eds. CRC Press, New York, NY. (2012). in production.

4. Yager, K. G,; Barrett, C. J. “Azobenzene Chromophores in Photo-Reversible Materials” in Smart Light-Responsive Materials: Azobenzene-Containing Polymers and Liquid Crystals, Y. Zhao and T. Ikeda, eds., John Wiley and Sons, Boca Raton, Florida (2009). Chapter 1, 1–46.

3. Yager, K. G,; Barrett, C. J. “Amorphous Azobenzene Polymers for Light-Induced Surface Patterning” in Smart Light-Responsive Materials: Azobenzene-Containing Polymers and Liquid Crystals, Y. Zhao and T. Ikeda, eds., John Wiley and Sons, Boca Raton, Florida (2009). Chapter 4, 145–175.

2. Yager, K. G,; Barrett, C. J. “Azo Polymers as Photo-Mechanical and Multifunctional Smart Materials” in Intelligent Materials, M. Shahinpoor and H.-J. Schneider, eds., Royal Society of Chemistry Press, Cambridge, UK (2008). Chapter 17, 424–446.

1. Yager, K. G,; Barrett, C. J. “Light-Induced Nanostructure Formation using Azobenzene Polymers” in the Encyclopedia of NanoScience and NanoTechnology, H. S. Nalwa and S. Miyata, eds., CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida (2006). Chapter 5, 243–272. (Full Text)


Journal Articles


71. Goulet-Hanssens, A.; Corkery, T. C.; Priimagi, A.; Barrett, C. J. “Effect of Head Group Size on Photoswitching Applications of Azobenzene Disperse-Red 1 Analogues”, J. Materials Chemistry C 2014. Web published July 28. DOI: 10.1039/C4TC00996g

70. Goulet-Hanssens, A.; Barrett, C. J. “Modular Assembly of Azo Photo-Switches Using Click Chemistry Allows for Predictable Photo-Behaviour”, Journal of PhotoChemistry & PhotoBiology A: Chemistry 2014. Web published July 20, DOI: 1016/j.jphotochem.2014.07.013

69. Priimagi, A.; Barrett, C. J.; Shishido, A., “New Twists in Azobenzene Photo-Mechanics and Photo-Alignment”, Journal of Materials Chemistry C 2014. Web-Published July 18, DOI: 10.1039/c4tc01236d.

68. Bushuyev, O.S.; Corkery, T. C.; Barrett, C. J.; Friščić, T. “Photo-Mechanical Azobenzene Cocrystals and in situ X-ray Diffraction Monitoring of their Optically-Induced Crystal-to-Crystal Isomerisation”, Chemical Science 2014, 5, 3158–3161. - (Full Text)

67. Xiao, L; Vyhnalkova, R.; Sailer, M.; Yang, G.; Barrett, C. J.; Eisenberg, A. "Planar Multilayer Assemblies Containing Block Copolymer Aggregates" Langmuir 2014 30, 891–899. - (Full Text)

66. Singleton, T.Q.; Burgess, I. B.; Nerger, B.A.; Goulet-Hanssens, A.; Koay, N.; Barrett, C.J.; Aizenberg, J.; “Photo-tuning of highly selective wetting in inverse opals” Soft Matter 2014 10, 1325–1328. - (Full Text)

65. Sailer, M.; Fernández, R.; Lu, X.; Barrett, C. J.; “High levels of molecular orientation of surface azo chromophores can be optically induced even in a wet biological environment” Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 2013, 15, 19985-19989. - (Full Text)

64. Bushuyev, O. S.; Tomberg, A.; Friščić, T.; Barrett, C. J.; “Shaping Crystals with Light: Crystal-to-Crystal Isomerization and Photomechanical Effect in Fluorinated Azobenzenes” Journal of the American Chemical Society 2013, 135 (34), 12556–12559. - (Full Text)

63. Goulet-Hanssens, A.; Barrett, C. J. “Photo-Control of Biological Systems with Azobenzene Polymers” Journal of Polymer Science Part A 2013, 51, 3058–3070. - (Full Text)

62. Vapaavuori, J.; Mahimwalla, Z.; Chromik, R.R.; Kaivola, M.; Priimagi, A.; Barrett, C. J.; “Nanoindentation Study of Light-Induced Softening of Supramolecular and Covalently Functionalized Azo Polymers” Journal of Materials Chemistry C 2013, 1, 2806–2810. - (Full Text)

61. Bushuyev, O. S.; Singleton, T.Q.; Barrett, C. J., "Fast, Reversible, and General Photomechanical Motion in Single Crystals of Various Azo Compounds Using Visible Light" Advanced Materials, 2013, 25 (12), 1796–1800. - (Full Text)

60. Cavelier, S.; Barrett, C. J.; Barthelat, F., "The Mechanical Performance of a Biomimetic Nanointerface Made of Multilayered Polyelectrolytes" European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, 2012, 32, 5380–5389. - (Full Text)

59. Goulet-Hanssens, A.; Lai Wing Sun, K.; Kennedy, T.E.; Barrett, C. J., "Photoreversible Surfaces to Regulate Cell Adhesion" Biomacromolecules, 2012, 13 (9), 2958–2963. - (Full Text)

58. Singleton, T.Q.; Ramsay, K.S.; Barsan, M.M.; Butler, I.S.; Barrett, C. J., "Azobenzene Photoisomerization under High External Pressures: Testing the Strength of a Light-Activated Molecular Muscle" J. Phys. Chem. B, 2012, 116 (32), 9860–9865. - (Full Text)

57. Mahimwalla, Z. S.; Yager, K. G.; Mamiya, J-I.; Priimagi, A.; Shishido, A.; Barrett, C. J. “Azobenzene Photomechanics: Prospects and Potential Applications” Polymer Bulletin 2012, 69, 967–1006. - (Full Text)

56. Sailer, M.; Lai Wing Sun, K.; Mermut, O.; Kennedy, T. E.; Barrett, C. J. “High-Throughput Cellular Screening of Engineered ECM Based on Combinatorial Polyelectrolyte Multilayer Films” Biomaterials 2012, 33, 5841–5847. - (Full Text)

55. Sailer, M.; Barrett, C. J. “Fabrication of Two Dimensional Gradient Layer-by-Layer Films for Combinatorial Bio-Surface Studies” Macromolecules 2012, 45, 5704–5711. - (Full Text)

54. Shimamura, A.; Primaagi, A.; Mamiya, J.; Ikeda, T.; Yu, Y.L.; Barrett, C. J. Shishido, A.; “Simultaneous Analysis of Optical and Mechanical Properties of Cross-Linked Azobenzene-Containing Liquid-Crystalline Polymer Films” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2011, 3, 4190–4196. - (Full Text)

53. Dorris, A.; Sicard, C.; Chen, M. C.; McDonald, A. B.; Barrett, C. J. “Stabilization of Neodymium Oxide Nanoparticles via Soft Adsorption of Charged Polymers” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2011, 3, 3357–3365. - (Full Text)

52. Ahmad, N. M.; Saqib, M.; Barrett, C. J. “Novel Azobenzene Functionalized Polyelectrolytes of Different Substituted Head Groups 3: Control of Properties of Self Assembled Multilayer Thin Films” Journal of Macromolecular Science A: Chemistry 2010, 47, 571–579.

51. Ahmad, N. M.; Saqib, M.; Barrett, C. J. “Novel Azobenzene Functionalized Polyelectrolytes of Different Substituted Head Groups 2: Control of Surface Wetting in Self Assembled Multilayer Films” Journal of Macromolecular Science A: Chemistry 2010, 47, 534–544.

50. Ahmad, N. M.; Saqib, M.; Barrett, C. J. “Novel Azobenzene-Functionalized Polyelectrolytes of Different Substituted Head Groups 1: Synthesis, Characterization and Absorption Spectroscopy Studies” Journal of Macromolecular Science A: Chemistry 2010, 47, 106–118.

49. Lu, X.; Ahmad, N. M.; Barrett, C. J. “Stable Photo-Reversible Surface Energy Switching with Azobenzene Polyelectrolyte Multilayers” Journal of Materials Chemistry 2010, 20, 244–247. - (Full Text)

48. Kondo, M.; Miyasato, R.; Naka, Y.; Mamiya, J. Kinoshita, M.; Yu, Y.; Barrett, C. J.; Ikeda, T. “Photomechanical Properties of Azobenzene Liquid-Crystalline Elastomers” Liquid Crystals 2009, 36, 1289–1293. - (Full Text)

47. Zhang, Q.; Wang, X.; Barrett, C. J.; Bazuin, C. G. "Spacer-Free Ionic Dye-Polyelectrolyte Complexes: Influence of Molecular Structure on Liquid Crystal Order and Photoinduced Motion" Chemistry of Materials 2009, 21, 3216–3227. - (Full Text)

46. Yamada, M.; Kondo, M.; Miyasato, R.; Mamiya, J.; Kinoshita, M.; Yu, Y.; Barrett, C. J.; Ikeda, T. "Photoresponsive Behavior of Laminated Films Composed of a Flexible Plastic Sheet and a Crosslinked Azobenzene Liquid-Crystalline Polymer Layer with Different Initial Alignment of Mesogens" Molecular Crystals,. Liquid. Crystals 2009, 498, 65-73. - (Full Text)

45. Yamada, M.; Kondo, M.; Miyasato, R.; Naka Y.; Mamiya, J.-I.; Kinoshita, M.; Shishido, A.; Yu, Y.; Barrett, C. J.; Ikeda, T. "Photomobile Polymer Materials Various Three-Dimensional Movements" J. Materials Chemistry 2009, 19, 60-62. - (Full Text) - (Cover)

44. Dorris, A.; Douglas, K.; Tabrizian, M. Barrett, C. J. "Control of DNA Incorporation into Nanoparticles with Poly-L-Lysine Multilayers" Canadian Journal of Chemistry 2008, 86, 1085-1094 . - (Full Text)

43. Yamada, M.; Kondo, M.; Mamiya, J. Yu, Y.; Kinoshita, M.; Barrett, C. J.; Ikeda, T. "Photomobile Polymer Materials - Towards Light-Driven Plastic Motors" Angewandte Chemie 2008, 47, 4986-4988. (Cover) - (Full Text)

42. Tanchak, O. M.; Yager, K. G.; Fritzsche, H.; Harroun, T.; Katsaras, J.; Barrett, C. J. "Ion Distribution in Multilayers of Weak Polyelectrolytes: a Neutron Reflectivity Study" Journal of Chemical Physics 2008, 129, 084901-10. - (Full Text)

41. Dorris, A.; Rucareanu, S.; Reven, L.; Barrett, C. J.; Lennox, R."Preparation and Characterization of Polyelectrolyte-Coated Gold Nanoparticles" Langmuir 2008, 24, 2532-2538. - (Full Text)

40. Zhang, Q.; Bazuin, G.; Barrett, C. J. "Simple Spacer-Free Dye-Polyelectrolyte Ionic Complex: Side-Chain Liquid Crystal Order with High and Stable Photoinduced Birefringence" Chemistry of Materials 2008, 20, 29-31. - (Full Text)

39. Barrett, C. J.; Yager, K. G.; Mamiya, J.; Ikeda, T. "Photo-Mechanical Effects in Azobenzene-Containing Soft Materials" Soft Matter 2007, 2, 1249-1261. - (Full Text) - (Cover)

38. Yager, K. G.; Barrett, C. J. "Confinement of Surface Patterning in Azo-Polymer Thin Films" Journal of Chemical Physics 2007, 126, 094908-094908-8. - (Full Text)

37. Yager, K. G.; Barrett, C. J. "Photomechanical Surface Patterning in Azo-Polymer Materials", Macromolecules 2006, 39, 9320-9326. - (Full Text)

36. Yager, K. G.; Tanchak, O. M.; Godbout, C.; Fritzsche, H.; Barrett, C. J. "Photomechanical Effects in Azo-Polymers Studied by Neutron Reflectometry", Macromolecules 2006, 39, 9311-9319. - (Full Text)

35. Yager, K. G.; Barrett, C. J. "Novel Photoswitching using Azobenzene Functional Materials" Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry 2006, 182, 250-261. - (Full Text)

34. Tanchak, O. M.; Yager, K. G.; Fritzsche, H.; Harroun, T. Katsaras, J.; Barrett, C. J. "Water Distribution in Multilayers of Weak Polyelectrolytes" Langmuir 2006, 22, 5137-5143. - (Full Text)

33. Yager, K. G.; Tanchak, O. M.; Barrett, C. J.; Watson, M.; Fritzsche, H. "Temperature-Controlled Neutron Reflectometry Sample Cell Suitable for Study of Photoactive Thin Films" Review of Scientific Instruments 2006, 77, 045106-1-065101-5. - (Full Text)

32. Tanchak, O. M.; Barrett, C. J. "Light-Induced Reversible Volume Changes in Thin Films of Azo Polymers: the Photo-Mechanical Effect" Macromolecules2005, 38, 10566-10570. - (Full Text)

31. Harroun, T. A.; Fritzsche, H.; Watson, M. J.; Yager, K. G.; Tanchak, O. M.; Barrett, C. J.; Katsaras, J. "Variable temperature, relative humidity (0%-100%), and liquid neutron reflectometry sample cell suitable for polymeric and biomimetic materials" Review of Scientific Instruments, 2005, 76, 065101. - (Full Text)

30. Burke, S. E.; Barrett, C. J. "Swelling Behavior of Hyaluronic Acid/Polyallylamine Hydrochloride Multilayer Films" Biomacromolecules, 2005, 6, 1419-1428. - (Full Text)

29. Tanchak, O.M.; Barrett, C. J. "Swelling Dynamics of Multilayer Films of Weak Polyelectrolytes" Chemistry of Materials, 2004, 16, 2734-2739. - (Full Text)

28. Burke, S. E.; Barrett, C. J. "pH-Dependent Loading and Release Behavior of Small Hydrophilic Molecules in Weak Polyelectrolyte Multilayer Films" Macromolecules, 2004, 37, 5375-5384. - (Full Text)

27. El Halabieh, R.; Mermut, O.; Barrett, C. J. "Using Light to Control Physical Properties of Polymers and Surfaces with Azobenzene Chromophores" Pure and Applied Chemistry, 2004, 76, 1445-1465. - (Full Text)

26. Burke, S. E.; Barrett, C. J. "Controlling the physicochemical properties of weak polyelectrolyte multilayer films through acid/base equilibria" Pure and Applied Chemistry, 2004, 76, 1387-1398. - (Full Text)

25. Smith, R.; McCormick, M.; Barrett, C. J.; Reven, L.; Spiess, H. W. "NMR Studies of PAH/PSS Polyelectrolyte Multilayers Adsorbed onto Silica" Macromolecules, 2004, 37, 4830-7838. - (Full Text)

24. Yager, K.G.; Barrett, C. J. "Temperature Modeling of Laser-Irradiated Azo Polymer Films" Journal of Chemical Physics, 2004, 120, 1089-1096. - (Full Text)

23. Mermut, O.; Lefebvre, J.; Gray, D.G.; Barrett, C. J. "Structural and Mechanical Properties of Multilayered Polyelectrolyte Multilayer Films Studied by AFM" Macromolecules, 2003, 36, 8819-8824. - (Full Text)

22. Burke, S. E.; Barrett, C. J. "pH-Responsive Properties of Multilayered Poly(L-Lysine) / Hyaluronic Acid Surfaces" Biomacromolecules, 2003, 4, 1773-1783. - (Full Text)

21. McCormick, M.; Smith, R.; Graf, R.; Barrett, C.; Reven, L.; Spiess, H. W. "NMR Studies of the Effect of Adsorbed Water on Polyelectrolyte Multilayer Films in the Solid State" Macromolecules, 2003, 36, 3616-3625. - (Full Text)

20. Mermut, O.; Barrett, C. J. "Effects of Charge Distribution and Counterions on the Assembly of Polyelectrolyte Multilayers" Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 2003, 107, 2525-2530. - (Full Text)

19. Burke, S. E.; Barrett, C. J. "Acid-Base Equilibria of Polyelectrolytes in Multilayer Thin Films" Langmuir, 2003, 19, 3297-3303. - (Full Text)

18. Smith, R.; Reven, L.; Barrett, C. J. "13C Solid-State NMR Study of Polyelectrolyte Multilayers" Macromolecules, 2003, 36, 1876-1881. - (Full Text)

17. Norman, L.: Barrett, C. "Solution Self-Assembly of Amphiphilic Copolymers Studied by Isomerization Spectroscopy" Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 2002, 106, 8499-8503. - (Full Text)

16. Yager, K.; Barrett, C. "All-Optical Patterning of Azo Polymer Films" Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science, 2001, 5, 487-494. - (Full Text)

15. Mermut, O.; Barrett, C. "Stable Sensor Layers Self-Assembled onto Surfaces Using Azobenzene-Containing Polyelectrolytes" Royal Society of Chemistry Analyst, 2001, 126, 1861-1865. - (Full Text)

14. Park, S.; Barrett, C.; Rubner, M.; Mayes, A. "Anomalous Adsorption of Polyelectrolyte Layers" Macromolecules, 2001, 34, 3384-3388. - (Full Text)

13. Rodriguez, L.; De Paul, S. M.; Barrett, C. J.; Reven, L. G.; Spiess, H. W. "Fast MAS and Double Quantum 1H Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy of Polyelectrolyte Multilayers" Advanced Materials, 2000, 12, 1934-1938. - (Full Text)

12. Mendelsohn, J; Barrett, C.; Chan, V.; Pal, A.; Mayes, A.; Rubner, M. "Fabrication of Microporous Thin Films from Polyelectrolyte Multilayers" Langmuir, 2000, 16, 5017-5021. - (Full Text)

11. Barrett, C.; Natansohn, A.; Rochon, P. "Azo-Carbazole Methacrylate Polymers as Single Component Electroptic Materials", Macromolecules, 1998, 31, 4845-4851. - (Full Text)

10. Barrett, C.; Rochon, P.; Natansohn, A. "Model of Laser-Driven Mass Transport in Thin Films of Azo Polymers" Journal of Chemical Physics, 1998, 109, 1505-1516. - (Full Text)

9. Natansohn, A.; Rochon, P.; Meng, X.; Barrett, C.; Buffeteau, T.; Pezolet, M. "Molecular Addressing? Selective Photoinduced Cooperative Motion of Polar Ester Groups in Copolymers Containing Azobenzene Groups" Macromolecules, 1998, 31, 1155-1161. - (Full Text)

8. Barrett, C.; Natansohn, A.; Rochon, P. "Mechanism of Optically Inscribed High-Efficiency Diffraction Gratings in Azo Polymer Films" Journal of P hysical Chemistry, 1996, 100, 8836-8842. - (Full Text)

7. Ho, M.; Barrett, C.; Paterson, J.; Esteghamatian, M.; Natansohn, A.; Rochon, P. "Synthesis and Optical Properties of Poly{(4-nitrophenyl)-[3-[N- [2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl]-carbazoyl]]diazene}" Macromolecules 1996, 29, 4613-4618. - (Full Text)

6. Meng, X.; Natansohn, A.; Barrett, C.; Rochon, P. "Azo Polymers for Reversible Optical Storage. 10. Cooperative Motion of Polar Side Groups in Am orphous Polymers" Macromolecules, 1996, 29, 946-952. - (Full Text)

5. Natansohn, A.; Rochon, P.; Barrett, C.; Hay, A. "Stability of Photoinduced Orientation of an Azo Compound into a High Tg Polymer" Chemistry of M aterials, 1995, 7, 1612-1615. - (Full Text)

4. Ho, M.; Natansohn, A.; Barrett, C.; Rochon, P. "Azo Polymers for Reversible Optical Storage. 8. The Effect of Polarity of the Azo Groups" Canadi an Journal of Chemistry, 1995, 73, 1773-1778.

3. Natansohn, A.; Rochon, P.; Ho, M.; Barrett, C. "Azo Polymers for Reversible Optical Storage. 6. Poly[4-(2-Methacryloyloxy)ethyl-azobenzene]" Macromolecules, 1995, 28, 4179-4183. - (Full Text)

2. Barrett, C.; Natansohn, A.; Rochon, P. "Cis-Trans Thermal Isomerization Rates of Bound and Doped Azobenzenes in a Series of Polymers" Chemistry of Materials, 1995, 7, 899-903. - (Full Text)

1. Barrett, C.; Natansohn, A.; Rochon, P. "Thermal Cis-Trans Isomerization Rates of Azobenzenes Bound in the Side Chain of Some Copolymers and Blends" Macromolecules, 1994, 27, 4781-4786. - (Full Text)


Other Papers and Proceedings


33. Zhang, Q.; Bazuin, C. G.; Barrett, C. J. "Liquid crystal behavior and photo-induced birefringence in azobenzene surfactomesogens complexed with oppositely-charged polyelectrolytes". Polymer Preprints 2007, 48(2), 134–135.

32. Dorris, A., Barrett, C. J., and Reven, L. G.; "NMR Studies of Nanoparticles Coated with Polyelectrolyte Multilayers" Polymer Preprints 2007, 48(1), 203–204.

31. Barrett, C. J., Ahmad, N. M. "Reversibly Photoswitchable Self-assembled Polymer Surfaces" Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering, 2006, 96, 445–446.

30. Barrett, C. J.; Ahmad, N. M. "Photoswitchable Polymer Coating Development by Controlled Radical Polymerization", Polymer Preprints 2006, 47(1), 118–119.

29. Barrett, C. J.; Yager, K. G.; Tanchak, O. M. "Thin Films of Light-Responsive Polymers for Sensing and Surface Patterning" in Active Materials: Behavior and Mechanics, W. D. Armstrong, Editor, Proc. SPIE 2006, 6168, 58–67.

28. Barrett, C. J. "Polyelectrolytes Containing Azobenzene for Light-Responsive Layers and Multilayers" Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering, 2005, 94, 24–25.

27. Barrett, C. J.; Yager, K. G.; Tanchak, O. M. "Polymer Multilayer Films with Azobenzene for Photoactive Biosurfaces" Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering 2005, 93, 157–158.

26. Barrett, C. J.; Mermut, O. "Polyelectrolytes Containing Azobenzene as Rhodopsin Mimics" Polymer Preprints 2005, 46(1), 549–550.

25. Barrett, C. J.; Yager, K. G.; Tanchak, O. M. "Thin Films of Light-Responsive Polymers for Sensing and Surface Patterning" in Active Materials: Behavior and Mechanics, W. D. Armstrong, Editor, Proc. SPIE 2005, 5761, 131–135.

24. Mermut, O.; Barrett, C. J. "Polyelectrolyte Multilayers Containing Azobenzene: Structural and Mechanical Aspects" Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering 2004, 91, 117–118.

23. Burke, S. E.; Barrett, C. J. "Physico-Chemical Characterization of Multilayered Biopolymer Surfaces" Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering 2004, 91, 792–793.

22. Smith, R. N.; McCormick, M.; Barrett, C. J.; Reven, L. G.; Speiss, H. W. "Dynamics and Conformation of Polyelectrolyte Thin Films" Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering 2004, 91, 434–435.

21. Mermut, O.; Barrett, C. J. "Polyelectrolyte Multilayers Containing Azobenzene: Structural and Mechanical Aspects" Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering, 2003, 89, 324–325.

20. McCormick, M.; Smith, R. N.; Graf, R.; Barrett, C. J.; Reven, L. G.; Spiess, H. W. "Fast-MAS NMR Studies of Polyelectrolyte Multilayer Films" Polymer Preprints, 2003, 44(1), 555–556.

19. Smith, R. N.; McCormick, M.; Reven, L. G.; Barrett, C. J. "Mobility Studies of Polyelectrolytes Adsorbed onto Silica Surfaces" Polymer Preprints, 2003, 44(1), 342–343.

18. Mermut, O.; Barrett, C. J. "AFM Adhesion Studies of Weakly Charged Polyelectrolytes in Multilayer Thin Films" Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering, 2003, 88, 441–442.

17. Barrett, C. J.; Yager, K. "Thin Films of Light-Responsive Polymers for Sensing and Surface Patterning" in Active Materials: Behavior and Mechanics, D. C. Lagoudas and W. D. Armstrong, Editors, Proc. SPIE, 2003, 5053, 51–60.