Book Chapters


6. "Polymers that Move with Light: Artificial Muscles and Solar Robots" in Stimuli Responsive Materials and Molecular Machines, T. White, ed. Royal Society of Chemistry Press, Cambridge, UK (2016). Ch. 2, in production.

5. “Photo-MechanicalAzo Polymers, for Light-Powered Actuation and Artificial Muscles” in Optical Nano and Micro Actuator Technology, G. Knopf and Y. Otani, eds. CRC Press, New York, NY. (2013). Chapter 4, pp. 107–152.

4. “Azobenzene Chromophores in Photo-Reversible Materials” in Smart Light-Responsive Materials: Azobenzene-Containing Polymers and Liquid Crystals, Y. Zhao and T. Ikeda, eds., John Wiley and Sons, Boca Raton, Florida (2009). Chapter 1, 1–46.

3. “Amorphous Azobenzene Polymers for Light-Induced Surface Patterning” in Smart Light-Responsive Materials: Azobenzene-Containing Polymers and Liquid Crystals, Y. Zhao and T. Ikeda, eds., John Wiley and Sons, Boca Raton, Florida (2009). Chapter 4, 145–175.

2. “Azo Polymers as Photo-Mechanical and Multifunctional Smart Materials” in Intelligent Materials, M. Shahinpoor and H.-J. Schneider, eds., Royal Society of Chemistry Press, Cambridge, UK (2008). Chapter 17, 424–446.

1. “Light-Induced Nanostructure Formation using Azobenzene Polymers” in the Encyclopedia of NanoScience and NanoTechnology, H. S. Nalwa and S. Miyata, eds., CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida (2006). Chapter 5, 243–272. (Full Text)


Journal Articles